Gemstone Facts

Amethyst

Amethyst

Color: Pale lavender to deep purple

Gem Family: Amethyst is a unique member of the quartz family.

Source: Mined in mainly in Brazil, Uruguay, Bolivia, and African countries like Zambia and Namibia, small amounts of amethyst are also found in Arizona

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Aquamarine

Aquamarine

Color: Pastel ice blue to greenish blue

Gem Family: Aquamarine is a member of the beryl family. The most well-known beryl is emerald.

Source: Aquamarine is found in Brazil, Zambia, Mozambique, Madagascar, Nigeria, and other countries.

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Sapphire

Blue Sapphire

Color: Baby blue to vivid blue to midnight blue

Gem Family: Sapphire is a member of the corundum family, which also includes ruby.

Source: Blue sapphire is mined in Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Australia, Kashmir, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Tanzania, Kenya, and the USA

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Blue Topaz

Blue Topaz

Color: Sky blue to a dark medium blue

Gem Family: Topaz includes rare precious topaz, sherry-red to orange imperial topaz, and delicate pink topaz. The most well-known, available and affordable is enhanced blue topaz.

Source: Topaz which can be enhanced to become blue is found in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, and China.

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Blue Zircon

Blue Zircon

Color: Pale blue to bright sky blue and slightly greenish blue

Gem Family: Zircon is available in a wide variety of colors including green, dark red, yellow, brown, orange and colorless.

Source: The best blue zircon is found in Cambodia, which produces kingfisher blues not seen elsewhere. Also found in Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Australia, and other countries.

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Chrysoberyl

Chrysoberyl

Color: Golden and honey tones to chartreuse green

Gem Family: Chrysoberyl is a gem family most well known for producing phenomenal gems, including cat's-eye’s and color-changing alexandrite.

Source: Most chrysoberyl is mined in Sri Lanka, Brazil, and India.

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Citrine

Citrine

Color: Lemon yellow to golden yellow to orange-brown

Gem Family: Citrine is a unique member of the quartz family.

Source: Most citrine is mined in Brazil, particularly the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The Serra and Irac mines produce hundreds of kilos of rough every month.

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Cortez Pearl

Cortez Pearls®

Color: Dark champagne to charcoal cultured pearls with iridescent purple, green, blue, gold, and peach overtones.

Gem Family: Cortez Pearls® are rare saltwater cultured pearls from the rainbow-lipped Pteria sterna oyster, native to Mexico's Sea of Cortez.

Source: These rare pearls are cultured in the waters of Bacochibampo Bay in the Sea of Cortez in Mexico, near the city of Guaymas.

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Emerald

Emerald

Color:   Bluish green to vivid grass green to slightly yellowish green

Gem Family:   Emerald is a unique variety of the mineral beryl.

Source:   Emerald is mined in Colombia, Brazil, Zambia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar.

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Fire Citrine

Fire Citrine®

Color: Deep red-orange

Gem Family: Fire Citrine® is a unique member of the quartz family.

Source: This rare orange-red citrine is mined only at the Linha Estefania mine, in the Brazilian state of Rio Grade de Sol. 

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Fire Opal

Fire Opal

Color: Red to orange to gold; fire opal has an almost dayglow intensity of color

Gem Family: Fire opal is a vividly colored transparent variety of opal, with or without play of color.

Source:   Fire Opal is mined in Mexico in the states of Queretaro, Hidalgo, Guerrero, Michoacan, Julisio, Chihuahua and San Luis Potosi.

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Grape Garnet

Grape Garnet®

Color: Consistent purple red

Gem Family: Grape Garnet® is a unique pyrope-almandine member of the garnet family.

Source: This rare purple-red garnet is mined only in the State of Orissa on the Bay of Bengal in eastern India. 

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Idaho Garnet

Idaho Garnet

Color:  Almandine/Pyrope garnet mix is a rich red/orange to reddish purple color

Gem Family:  Almandine/pyrope mix

Source:  Northern Idaho

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Imperial Diopside

Imperial Diopside®

Color: Deep rich forest green

Gem Family: Imperial Diopside® is the highest quality of chrome diopside. Its rich green color is due to trace amounts of chromium.

Source: This rare diopside is mined in the frozen lands of Northeastern Siberia. 

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Iolite

Iolite

Color: Medium to dark purplish blue

Gem Family: Iolite is the gem form of the mineral corderite.

Source: Iolite is mined in India, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Brazil and USA

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Nyala Ruby

Nyala Ruby®

Color: Orange red to vivid red ruby, pink to orange & Padparadscha sapphire

Gem Family: Nyala Ruby® & Sapphire are both members of the corundum family.

Source: This rare ruby and sapphire is mined only at the Chimwadzulu mine in the southern African county of Malawi.

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Mesa Verde Peridot

Mesa Verde Peridot®

Color:  Lime to grass green

Gem Family:  Peridot is the gem form of the mineral olivine.

Source:  Mesa Verde Peridot® is extracted by Apache miners from the summit and sides of Peridot Mesa in the San Carlos Reservation

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Pink Tourmaline

Pink Tourmaline

Color:   Pastel bubblegum to hot pink

Gem Family:   Pink tourmaline is a member of the tourmaline family. It is found in every color of the rainbow and can also show more than one color in a single crystal.

Source:   Pink tourmaline is found all over the globe, including Brazil, Afghanistan, California, Madagascar, Maine and Mozambique

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Red Garnet

Red Garnet

Color:   Orange red to purplish red

Gem Family:   Red garnet is a pyrope or almandine member of the garnet group.

Source:   Brazil, India, Madagascar, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and the United States.

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Royal Kings Plain Sapphire

Royal Kings Plain Sapphire®

Color:   Rich royal blue to navy blue

Gem Family: Royal Kings Plain Sapphire® is a member of the corundum family, which includes both ruby and sapphire.

Source: This rare sapphire is mined in the Australian state of New South Wales. The Kings Plain Mine is actually an ancient dry riverbed.

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Montana Sapphires

Sapphires of Montana™

Color:   Every color in the rainbow

Gem Family: Montana sapphires are members of the corundum family, which includes both ruby and sapphire.

Source: This incredibly rare sapphire is mined in three distinct locations in Montana and known by different names.

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Seafoam Tourmaline

Seafoam® Tourmaline

Color:   Seafoam® Tourmaline ranges in color from soft greens to moderate blues, like the fringes of ocean waves, or the depths of a still lagoon.

Gem Family: Tourmaline

Source: Mostly Afghanistan, and some from Zambia and Namibia This rare bluish green tourmaline is mined high in the peaks of the Himalayas.

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Tanzanite

Tanzanite

Color:   Pale to saturated and intense blue to purplish blue

Gem Family:   Tanzanite is a unique variety of the mineral zoisite.

Source:   Tanzanite is mined at only on location in the world: Merelani in Tanzania, under the shadow of Mount Kilimanjaro

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Tashmarine

Tashmarine®

Color:   Medium intensity bluish green to slightly yellowish green

Gem Family:   Tashmarine® is a unique variety of the mineral diopside.

Source:   Tashmarine is mined high in the mountains of Xinjiang Province in China

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Topaz

Topaz

Color: Precious topaz ranges from golden honey tones to brown and reddish orange to rare pinks

Gem Family: The topaz family includes precious topaz, coveted sherry-red to orange imperial topaz, and delicate pink topaz. The most common is enhanced blue topaz.

Source: Pakistan, Russia, Brazil and Sri Lanka – depending upon color.

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Yellow Sapphire

Yellow Sapphire

Color:   Light lemon to golden and honey tones

Gem Family:   Yellow sapphire is a member of the corundum family.

Source:   Most yellow sapphire is mined in Sri Lanka. Also mined in Madagascar, Australia, and Montana, USA.

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