Color: Pale lavender to deep purple
Gem Family: Amethyst is a unique member of the quartz family.
Source: Mined in mainly in Brazil, Uruguay, Bolivia, and African countries like Zambia and Namibia, small amounts of amethyst are also found in Arizona
Color: Pastel ice blue to greenish blue
Gem Family: Aquamarine is a member of the beryl family. The most well-known beryl is emerald.
Source: Aquamarine is found in Brazil, Zambia, Mozambique, Madagascar, Nigeria, and other countries.
Color: Baby blue to vivid blue to midnight blue
Gem Family: Sapphire is a member of the corundum family, which also includes ruby.
Source: Blue sapphire is mined in Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Australia, Kashmir, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Tanzania, Kenya, and the USA
Color: Sky blue to a dark medium blue
Gem Family: Topaz includes rare precious topaz, sherry-red to orange imperial topaz, and delicate pink topaz. The most well-known, available and affordable is enhanced blue topaz.
Source: Topaz which can be enhanced to become blue is found in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, and China.
Color: Pale blue to bright sky blue and slightly greenish blue
Gem Family: Zircon is available in a wide variety of colors including green, dark red, yellow, brown, orange and colorless.
Source: The best blue zircon is found in Cambodia, which produces kingfisher blues not seen elsewhere. Also found in Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Australia, and other countries.
Color: Golden and honey tones to chartreuse green
Gem Family: Chrysoberyl is a gem family most well known for producing phenomenal gems, including cat's-eye’s and color-changing alexandrite.
Source: Most chrysoberyl is mined in Sri Lanka, Brazil, and India.
Color: Lemon yellow to golden yellow to orange-brown
Gem Family: Citrine is a unique member of the quartz family.
Source: Most citrine is mined in Brazil, particularly the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The Serra and Irac mines produce hundreds of kilos of rough every month.
Color: Dark champagne to charcoal cultured pearls with iridescent purple, green, blue, gold, and peach overtones.
Gem Family: Cortez Pearls® are rare saltwater cultured pearls from the rainbow-lipped Pteria sterna oyster, native to Mexico's Sea of Cortez.
Source: These rare pearls are cultured in the waters of Bacochibampo Bay in the Sea of Cortez in Mexico, near the city of Guaymas.
Color: Bluish green to vivid grass green to slightly yellowish green
Gem Family: Emerald is a unique variety of the mineral beryl.
Source: Emerald is mined in Colombia, Brazil, Zambia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar.
Color: Deep red-orange
Gem Family: Fire Citrine® is a unique member of the quartz family.
Source: This rare orange-red citrine is mined only at the Linha Estefania mine, in the Brazilian state of Rio Grade de Sol.
Color: Red to orange to gold; fire opal has an almost dayglow intensity of color
Gem Family: Fire opal is a vividly colored transparent variety of opal, with or without play of color.
Source: Fire Opal is mined in Mexico in the states of Queretaro, Hidalgo, Guerrero, Michoacan, Julisio, Chihuahua and San Luis Potosi.
Color: Consistent purple red
Gem Family: Grape Garnet® is a unique pyrope-almandine member of the garnet family.
Source: This rare purple-red garnet is mined only in the State of Orissa on the Bay of Bengal in eastern India.
Color: Almandine/Pyrope garnet mix is a rich red/orange to reddish purple color
Gem Family: Almandine/pyrope mix
Source: Northern Idaho
Color: Deep rich forest green
Gem Family: Imperial Diopside® is the highest quality of chrome diopside. Its rich green color is due to trace amounts of chromium.
Source: This rare diopside is mined in the frozen lands of Northeastern Siberia.
Color: Medium to dark purplish blue
Gem Family: Iolite is the gem form of the mineral corderite.
Source: Iolite is mined in India, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Brazil and USA
Color: Orange red to vivid red ruby, pink to orange & Padparadscha sapphire
Gem Family: Nyala Ruby® & Sapphire are both members of the corundum family.
Source: This rare ruby and sapphire is mined only at the Chimwadzulu mine in the southern African county of Malawi.
Mesa Verde Peridot®
Color: Lime to grass green
Gem Family: Peridot is the gem form of the mineral olivine.
Source: Mesa Verde Peridot® is extracted by Apache miners from the summit and sides of Peridot Mesa in the San Carlos Reservation
Color: Pastel bubblegum to hot pink
Gem Family: Pink tourmaline is a member of the tourmaline family. It is found in every color of the rainbow and can also show more than one color in a single crystal.
Source: Pink tourmaline is found all over the globe, including Brazil, Afghanistan, California, Madagascar, Maine and Mozambique
Color: Orange red to purplish red
Gem Family: Red garnet is a pyrope or almandine member of the garnet group.
Source: Brazil, India, Madagascar, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and the United States.
Royal Kings Plain Sapphire®
Color: Rich royal blue to navy blue
Gem Family: Royal Kings Plain Sapphire® is a member of the corundum family, which includes both ruby and sapphire.
Source: This rare sapphire is mined in the Australian state of New South Wales. The Kings Plain Mine is actually an ancient dry riverbed.
Color: Seafoam® Tourmaline ranges in color from soft greens to moderate blues, like the fringes of ocean waves, or the depths of a still lagoon.
Gem Family: Tourmaline
Source: Mostly Afghanistan, and some from Zambia and Namibia This rare bluish green tourmaline is mined high in the peaks of the Himalayas.
Color: Pale to saturated and intense blue to purplish blue
Gem Family: Tanzanite is a unique variety of the mineral zoisite.
Source: Tanzanite is mined at only on location in the world: Merelani in Tanzania, under the shadow of Mount Kilimanjaro
Color: Medium intensity bluish green to slightly yellowish green
Gem Family: Tashmarine® is a unique variety of the mineral diopside.
Source: Tashmarine is mined high in the mountains of Xinjiang Province in China
Color: Precious topaz ranges from golden honey tones to brown and reddish orange to rare pinks
Gem Family: The topaz family includes precious topaz, coveted sherry-red to orange imperial topaz, and delicate pink topaz. The most common is enhanced blue topaz.
Source: Pakistan, Russia, Brazil and Sri Lanka – depending upon color.
Color: Light lemon to golden and honey tones
Gem Family: Yellow sapphire is a member of the corundum family.
Source: Most yellow sapphire is mined in Sri Lanka. Also mined in Madagascar, Australia, and Montana, USA.